Impact of Temperature Change on the Fall Armyworm (Spodoptera frugiperda) under Global Climate Change


  • Muhammad Talha Faryad Department of Entomology, University of Agriculture Faisalabad, Pakistan
  • Faizan Ejaz Department of Entomology, University of Agriculture Faisalabad, Pakistan
  • T Rajendran Department of Social Sciences, Agricultural College and Research Institute (TNAU) Killikulam, Vallanadu, Thoothukudi, 628252, Tamil Nadu, India
  • Muhammad Sohaib Department of Entomology, University of Agriculture Faisalabad, Pakistan
  • Rana Usama Khalid Department of Entomology, University of Agriculture Faisalabad, Pakistan



Spodoptera frugiperda, fluctuating temperature, temperature tolerance, pest management program


Originally from the tropical and subtropical areas of the Western Hemisphere, the autumn armyworm (FAW; Spodoptera frugiperda; J. E. Smith, 1797) has recently extended its range to include considerable portions of the America, Africa, Asia, and Oceania. The pest's great invading tendency and high yearly expense to control it are particularly problematic. Herbivorous insects are very sensitive to temperature changes. Several studies suggest that the damage to crops, such as an enhanced developmental rate that increases intake at higher temperatures, may be influenced by the temperature, which affects the poikilo-thermal FAW's geographic spread, phenology, and natural enemies. The FAW is thought to modulate gene expression in response to environmental changes at high temperatures, leading to increased viability and invasion potential. In light of this, the purpose of this paper is to review and critically evaluate the ways in which indicators of development, relationships between the FAW and its natural enemies, and temperature tolerance vary across the FAW's developmental stage when subjected to varying degrees of heat and cold stress. On this basis, we talk about more eco-friendly and cost-effective control measures, we present future climate change challenges, and we offer statistical basics and instrumental guidance significance for informing FAW pest forecasting, risk analyses, and a global management program for effective control.


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Impact of Temperature Change on the Fall Armyworm (Spodoptera frugiperda) under Global Climate Change. (2022). International Journal of Research and Advances in Agricultural Sciences, 1(2), 68-82.

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