Molecular mechanisms of interactions between plant and pathogen via lipid transfer proteins

Authors

  • Hina Naveed Department of Plant Pathology, University of Agriculture Faisalabad, Pakistan

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.8726/nmd1zv63

Keywords:

lipid transfer protein, plant, plant disease, systemic acquired resistance, pathogen

Abstract

Small cysteine-rich proteins called nonspecific lipid transfer proteins (LTPs) play vital roles in growth and development of plant. These proteins are responsible for a wide variety of processes, such as the production of cutin wax, the attachment of pollen tubes, cell growth, seed maturation, and germination, and the response to environmental stress. In addition to a hydrophobic cavity, LTPs rely on eight conserved cysteine residues to bind a broad range of lipids. Many LTPs, belonging to the pathogenesis-related protein 14 (PR14) family, positively regulate plant disease resistance by suppressing the development of pathogenic fungi and bacteria. An increasing amount of research over the last decade has shown the crucial functions of LTPs in plant immunological processes associated to immunity. This article provides an overview of the activities of LTPs and their importance in plant immune responses and interactions with pathogens.

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2023-02-26

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Molecular mechanisms of interactions between plant and pathogen via lipid transfer proteins. (2023). International Journal of Research and Advances in Agricultural Sciences, 2(1), 07-19. https://doi.org/10.8726/nmd1zv63

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