Vegetable Crop Responses and Defense Mechanisms Against Drought, Heat and Salinity Stress

Authors

  • Fitrat Ullah Department of Environmental and Plant Biology, Ohio University USA
  • Imrana Siddique Department of Botany, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad
  • Maha Maryam Department of Botany, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad
  • Jalal Khan Department of Botany, University of Peshawar, Pakistan
  • Syed Muhammad Ilyas Department of Plant Breeding and Genetics, University of Agriculture Peshawar, Pakistan
  • Muhammad Irfan Department of Agronomy, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, Pakistan

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.8726/9pqr9k69

Keywords:

vegetable crops, drought stress, heat stress, salinity stress, resilience, defense mechanisms, breeding, agronomic practices, physiological interventions, climate change.

Abstract

As global climate change poses unprecedented challenges to agriculture, the resilience of vegetable crops against environmental stressors is crucial for ensuring food security. This comprehensive review delves into the intricate responses and defense mechanisms exhibited by vegetable crops facing the challenges of drought, heat, and salinity stress. The exploration encompasses morphological, physiological, biochemical, and molecular strategies, revealing the remarkable adaptability of these plants. From stomatal control and enhanced root growth to the accumulation of compatible solutes and activation of stress-responsive genes, vegetable crops deploy a spectrum of adaptive mechanisms. Phenological and yield responses highlight the intricate trade-offs faced by these crops in a changing climate. Strategies for enhancing vegetable crop tolerance, including breeding, genetic engineering, agronomic practices, and physiological interventions, are discussed. The development of stress-tolerant varieties, introgression of stress tolerance genes, and manipulation of stress-responsive genes demonstrate the potential of genetic approaches. Agronomic practices, such as deficit irrigation and precision agriculture, alongside physiological interventions like seed priming and foliar application of nutrients, offer practical solutions for mitigating the impact of environmental stress.

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Published

2023-12-15

Issue

Section

Review Articles

How to Cite

Vegetable Crop Responses and Defense Mechanisms Against Drought, Heat and Salinity Stress. (2023). International Journal of Research and Advances in Agricultural Sciences, 2(4), 14-23. https://doi.org/10.8726/9pqr9k69

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